VANTAGE RHINE RIVER CRUISE, Part 34 Fall, 2016

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This is Arnhem, The Netherlands.  One of World War II’s fiercest battles was fought here under the name of Operation Market Garden.

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Our guide told us the actress Audrey Hepburn stayed here when she came to The Netherlands.

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This field is where the gliders and paratroopers landed during the assault on Arnhem.

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You may notice that the roof on this house is made of thatch.  It is made from a tree called the cut willow.  When it is cut to be used as a roof, it grows back and can be cut again.

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These two roofs are made of tile.  A tile roof is a status symbol.  If you are well-to-do, people referred to you as “living under the tiles.”

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As the sign below says, a grim battle was fought by British, Polish, and Dutch soldiers around this ancient church in an effort to liberate the Netherlands from the Nazis.

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These are some of the bullet holes still remaining in the walls today.

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This is the Arnhem bridge that was immortalized in the movie “A Bridge Too Far.”  British and Polish troops went by glider and parachute to secure the Rhine River bridge in Operation Market Garden.  Only a handful of British 1st Airborne troops were able to reach the bridge.  They could only hold it for four days before they were overrun by the Nazis.  It was renamed the John Frost Bridge in honor of the commander of the paratroopers.  Of course, the bridge has been rebuilt since then.

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You may remember the cathedrals earlier in the trip were very narrow with massively thick wall to support the ceiling.  Later, architects invented the flying buttress, which is a buttress connected to the main wall and extends downward to a shorter wall to resist the outward pressure of the main wall.  This allows for wider ceiling spans.  You can see two of them in this photo.

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This is the last gate that leads into the city of Arnhem.

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This sculpture represents a man trying to protect himself from the ravages of war.

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This is the ultimate in recycling.  This old tree stump is being used as a dolly to serve outside diners at this café.

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We were told this is a Hebrew place of worship.

Well, I hate to say it, but our next post will be the last of the Vantage Rhine River Cruise.  So far, we have had 34 posts on this trip, so if you missed any, you may go back and catch up.  But, we will be taking a Caribbean Cruise in about a week.  We hope you will join us.  I will try to fill in this space with other stuff.  Stay tuned!

 

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